What is Colonoscopy?
A Colonoscopy is a procedure that your physician will use to examine your colon (which is also known as the large bowel or large intestine). A colonoscopy may be recommended for many reasons. Some reasons include: colon cancer screening, investigating causes of gastrointestinal bleeding and even aiding in the evaluation of diarrhea or constipation.
What does a Colonoscopy Involve?
In preparation for your colonoscopy, your gastroenterologist will both give you dietary instructions for the procedure, as well as prescribe a medication to clean out the bowel completely. After your bowel preparation the night before, you will arrive at the outpatient endoscopy center or hospital where you are scheduled having fasted prior to arrival. Once there, an IV will be inserted just prior to the procedure. Through the IV you will be given sedating medicine; this will allow you to remain comfortable during the procedure. Throughout the procedure you will be closely monitored. Monitoring of your lungs and heart will also take place throughout the procedure to ensure your safety
At the time of the procedure, the physician may take pictures, biopsies, or remove polyps, depending on the reason for your procedure.
How Long does a Colonoscopy Take?
Colonoscopy usually takes about 30 minutes, and patients typically wake up feeling comfortable. The sensation of bloating or fullness following the procedure is common.
Due to the use of the sedating medicine, you will need a driver on the day of the procedure and are instructed to rest for the remainder of the day.